1. you would use a external flash when you need powerful casting light while shooting a far distance.
  2. you would mostly need to meter the light when you are using studio flash.
  3. its the fastest shutter speed for the camera
  4. ETTL is where the camera gets information that is from the lens. it also calculates how much light the flash needs.
  5. if you shoot faster than the sync of the camera speed it would blackout a partial part of the image
  6. photographers bounce the flash and use a diffuser to soften or spread the harsh light
  7. a slave is used to monitor the incoming light
  8.  if the image is to dark you use brightness/contrast. if its to light you can increase the shutter speed.
  9. you take flash off & on by pressing a button that is next to the monitor


The lighting on the woman’s skin is different because the flash in the second photo provides her with more detail. When the flash is helping the colors pop even more. You’ll also see more color, such as her hair color, her brown eyes.


I would love to go on vacation to Italy or Greece. I would want to go there because its not as basic as Paris. Paris is known as the city of love but Italy its just so beautiful and has a lot to it.


I learned a lot from the article about studio lighting equipment. Like that lighting equipment can fall into 3 major categories. The 3 major categories are the light source, the modifiers, and the grips/stand. There are different type of light sources. For example you can get a kit with a flash head and a power pack. Or you can get a monolight kit. A power pack acts as a generator. that supplies energy for the flashhead. Also there are two types of power packs. Which are symmetric  power pack and a asymmetric power pack.  A monolight is like basically a back up power pack.

        Then light modifiers, the two most common light modifiers are. Umbrellas, and softboxes the difference between umbrellas and softboxes is that the light with a softbox is more contained. With an umbrella  the light can spill beyond the boundaries of the surface affecting the amount of light getting back to the subject. The difference between reflecting umbrellas and softboxes is that the spread of light with a softbox is more contained. An umbrella light can spill beyond the boundaries of the reflective surface causing  the amount of light getting back to the subject. softboxes on the other hand are usually square or rectangular. Softboxes are lightweight boxes that come with a reflective inside and a translucent front. Softboxes come in different shapes and sizes. They are attached to the front the strobe over the light source. 

Then stands and grips, they support your light sources, strobes, and even light modifiers or backdrops. There are two main types of stands, light weight stands and c- stands which are a little heavy. Both of the stands come in many different types and sizes.  Heights can be adjusted , sandbags can also be attached too.  A good light weighted stand can usually go for about 70 dollars. C- stands can go for about 200 dollars.  Because C-stands are really good heavy duty and very stable.


1/15 sec, f/11, ISO: 400, 29.00 mm


1/8 sec, f/5.0, ISO; 400, 67.00 mm

See the source image

The picture right here shoot by aaron siskind has a very different vibe to it compared to other photographers. Aaron SisKind photos look really deep and have meaning. I think this one means to leave the past in the past because it looks like its shedding its skin


  • Natural light
  • Black and white photography
  • landscapes
  • Lighting set up for photographing headshots
  • better shooting of Urban portraits
  • Using a reflector in a different way and why its better to use it
  • wide-angle portraits
  • Pose angle body to make portraits better
  • Chose a good location to take portraits
  • Create to Catch light in your natural light portraits


Jpg files (JPEG) stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. The jpg file extension is used on compressed image files. It is commonly used for storing digital photos and used by most digital cameras to save images.

RAW files are collections of unprocessed data. Which means the file has not been altered in any way by the computer. Raw files are commonly used as data files by software programs that load and process the data. Camera RAW is a popular type of raw file that is generated by a digital camera.